Threat Actor of the Month - Guacamaya
Threat actor profile: Guacamaya
- Guacamaya is a hacktivist group acting in defense of the abuse performed on the territory and against the indigenous people of Central America.
- Their main goal is to exfiltrate compromised information from companies or organisms.
Guacamaya is a hacktivist group acting in defense of the indigenous people of Abya Yala territory. This is the name used by the Native American Guna people who inhabit the geographic region between what is now northwest Colombia and southeast Panama, to refer to the American continent since pre-Columbian times. Their name refers to the most common bird species in Central America. Guacamaya was first spotted on March 6, 2022, after sending a statement to the sharing platform “Enlace Hacktivista” with their presentation and the announcement of their first action against the company CGN-Pronico, which operates the Fenix mine in Guatemala with a history of human right abuses and environmental damage. The following statements done after performing an action have also been shared firstly through this hacktivist platform.
Their main objective is exfiltrating information about companies or organisms performing unjust actions against the indigenous people or territory. To do so, they gain access to the networks with open-source tools, then establish persistence and exfiltrate sensible information. They try to exploit public-facing applications and compromise employees’ credentials with password spraying, phishing, or checking against known breaches, whose emails are often obtained through LinkedIn. Once compromised, the threat group proceeds to download information, such as emails and files. Guacamaya also has a destructive goal since they carry out sabotage actions. Exfiltrated information is publicly shared through Distributed Denial of Secrets, a non-profit whistleblower run by a collective of journalists devoted to enabling the free transmission of data in the public interest, or directly through links in the Enlace Hacktivista platform. Their targets include Colombia’s Attorney General office, Armies of Mexico, Peru and El Salvador, and more recently the drag cartels in Yucatan.
They justify their illegal actions by saying that legality and laws have been invented by a system in which they don’t believe and can’t be accepted in solidarity and resistance
Threat actor Activity Map:
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Other threat actors we're tracking this month:
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- “HomeLand Justice” is the threat group that serves as the figurehead for a network of Iranian groups that conducted a chain of attacks against the Albanian government in mid-2022. Because of this series of attacks conducted by HomeLand Justice and other Iranian threat groups against Albania, the country decided to cut diplomatic ties with Iran on September 07, 2022.
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- “RSC Labs" is an independent company from Italy developing tactical tools for Law Enforcement Agencies, whose activities as a commercial spyware vendor have been denounced by Wikileaks and by firms like Google against the European Commission.
- “JuiceLedger” is a threat actor dedicated to credential stealing that employs a new info-stealer dubbed JuiceStealer. JuiceLedger has been observed compromising credentials through fraudulent applications, phishing campaigns, and compromised or typosquatting PyPI packages.
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